This is settled, integrated circuits will be regarded as "first-level disciplines"
After all the calls have come out, the industry has called for many years to set up an integrated circuit-level discipline and finally ushered in a historic moment. A few days ago, Fudan University announced that the university's "Integrated Circuit Science and Engineering" Ph.D. authorized first-level disciplines will be pilot-built in 2020 and will start enrolling doctoral students. As soon as the news came out, the industry was excited. Zhou Yumei, deputy director of the Institute of Microelectronics of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and deputy dean of the School of Microelectronics of the University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, praised this as an "ice-breaking" move; director of the Institute of Integrated Circuits, China Academy of Electronics and Information Industry Development, and deputy secretary-general of the China Semiconductor Industry Association Wang Shijiang also believes that this move is of great significance, reflecting the country and industry's attention to the cultivation of integrated circuit talents, which will promote the overall industry development atmosphere to further improve.
First-level discipline affects industry nerves
Why does the "establishment of integrated circuit-level disciplines" affect the industry's nerves so much?
As the core of the information technology industry, integrated circuits are strategic, basic and leading industries that support national economic and social development and guarantee national security. The importance is self-evident.
"In the past ten years, China's integrated circuit industry has developed rapidly, and its overall strength has improved significantly. However, compared with advanced countries and regions, there is still a large gap. High-end chip products rely heavily on imports, and it is difficult to build the national industry's core competitiveness and ensure information. Strong support is formed by safety and security. "Zhou Peng, deputy dean of the School of Microelectronics, Fudan University, said in an interview with the China Electronics News." The key to solving the constraints of China's integrated circuit core technology lies in talents. Talents are the first element of industrial innovation. . There is a serious shortage of integrated circuit talents in China, not only lacking leading talents, but also lacking composite innovative talents and backbone technical talents. "
The "China Integrated Circuit Industry Talent White Paper (2017-2018)" shows that by 2020, China's integrated circuit industry talent demand is about 720,000 people. As of the end of 2017, China's existing integrated circuit industry talent pool is 400,000. The number of talents is about 320,000, and the average annual demand for talents is about 100,000. However, less than 30,000 graduates from the field of microelectronics each year enter the integrated circuit industry.
"The integrated circuit industry has a very strong demand for talents, and the supply of talents is indeed a serious problem facing the current industrial development." Wang Shijiang told the China Electronics News reporter, "According to the industrial development plan and per capita output value, by 2021, China's integration The circuit talent gap is still close to 300,000. "
In response to the shortage of talents, Zhou Yumei pointed out in an interview with a reporter from China Electronics News that this is closely related to the particularity of the development of China's integrated circuit industry. The invention of integrated circuits was only 60 years ago. Looking at the long history of human society, no type of technology can be applied to all aspects of production and life in such a short period of time, which has changed human life and social governance, and has become a supporting information technology. The cornerstone of industrial development. Driven by major national science and technology projects, China's integrated circuit industry has developed rapidly, with an annual growth rate of more than 20%, and the shortage of talent has become an indisputable fact. But talent training and growth has its regularity and it takes time. At the same time, in addition to the integrated circuit industry itself needs talents in the microelectronics industry, other new-generation information technology industries also urgently need talents with microelectronics background knowledge, such as artificial intelligence, cloud computing, network security, the Internet of Things, and communications industries. In terms of the limited total number of talents trained, it has also been diverted by other industries, which has led to a certain level of brain drain in the industry.
First-level discipline is imperative
Faced with the talent gap of 100,000 people per year due to the rapid growth of the industry, the number of talents cultivated by universities and colleges can be said to be a waste of money. Hao Yue, an academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and director of the Academic Committee of Xidian University, previously stated in an interview with the China Electronics News that he had clearly pointed out that there were too few students in integrated disciplines such as integrated circuits in universities in China. As soon as possible, relax the restrictions on the cultivation of talents that are in short supply, establish separate talent cultivation indicators, open up more training channels, and further optimize the talent cultivation mechanism for integrated circuits.
In this way, the contradiction of talent demand has focused on the attributes of the integrated circuit specialty as a secondary discipline. Zhou Yumei said that in the face of the new-generation information technology industry's urgent need for talents with microelectronics background knowledge, integrated circuits as the current secondary disciplines, no matter from the number of students and the direction of disciplines, can no longer carry the demand for talent training. There is an urgent need to set up integrated circuit first-level disciplines and improve the personnel training system.
Integrated circuit technology has formed its own complete knowledge system in the past 60 years of development. Zhou Peng believes that if students want to master a complete and systematic integrated circuit knowledge system, cultivate innovative talents that meet the needs of the integrated circuit industry, set up " The first-level discipline of "Integrated Circuit Science and Engineering" is a key link. The establishment of a first-level discipline can systematically and systematically integrate the knowledge of integrated circuits, and it is also conducive to the innovation and development of integrated circuit technology and the cultivation of innovative talents.
Establishing a first-level discipline can not only expand the enrollment scale, but also train professional talents in a targeted manner. Wang Shijiang told reporters that the second-level disciplines have limited speaking power in terms of curriculum setting and so on. After becoming a first-level discipline independently, they can reset the enrollment scale and set the curriculum. Some courses can be set up in a traditional way, while others can work with companies to customize courses based on demand. "Order shift" has high flexibility and strong operability, and can better meet the actual needs of the industry.
Can it set off a first-level subject boom?
The industry's extensive appeal has received the attention and response of relevant departments. On October 8, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology issued a "Response on the Proposal to the Second Session of the Thirteenth National Committee of the CPPCC National Committee No. 2282 (Bus Post and Telecommunications No. 256) Proposal," expressly expressing that it would work with the Ministry of Education and other departments Strengthen the construction of integrated circuit talents, promote the establishment of integrated circuit first-level disciplines, further strengthen and strengthen the exemplary microelectronics college, and accelerate the construction of integrated circuit production and education integration and collaborative education platform.
After less than 2 months, good news came. "This is an ice-breaking move." Zhou Yumei said, "Fudan University actively promoted this matter, and took the lead in setting up a first-level discipline at its own university to set up 'Integrated Circuit Science and Engineering', which was approved by the Degree Office of the State Council. , An important step in the discipline construction of cultivating integrated circuit talents, and also provides other colleges and universities with lessons that can be used for reference. "
“The successful establishment of the integrated circuit first-level discipline of Fudan University is of great significance and has released an excellent signal for industrial development.” Wang Shijiang believes that “the importance of national and industry attention to the cultivation of integrated circuit talents will drive more resources, including capital. Entering the industry, IC salaries and salaries are expected to improve, and ICs are also expected to change from talent output to talent input industries. "
Can Fudan University's move set off a wave of domestic integrated circuit-level disciplines? Wang Shijiang said that the construction of integrated circuit-level disciplines is not suitable for all schools. Because the discipline of integrated circuits is highly specialized, not only sufficient teachers and experimental equipment, but also re-editing of teaching materials and courses, the workload is huge, and it is not recommended that all schools be rushed into the first-level discipline construction. "Still step by step." He said, "Fudan University has a good foundation, so take a step first, explore first, and there are still many problems to be solved later."
Indeed, Fudan University has a deep accumulation in the field of integrated circuits. According to Zhou Peng, the school was approved to establish the “National Integrated Circuit Talents International Training (Shanghai) Base” in 2014, and became one of the nine exemplary microelectronic colleges in the country in 2015. "The inauguration was established. In 2019, it undertook the" National Integrated Circuit Production and Education Integration Innovation Platform "project, and built a new generation integrated circuit technology integration platform. Fudan University began to plan the construction of the first-level discipline of "Integrated Circuit Science and Engineering" in 2018. During the period, it communicated with relevant departments many times and did a lot of work before it achieved a positive result.
Fudan University has taken the first step, but the improvement of China's integrated circuit talent training system still has a long way to go. "The universities with their own first-level disciplines are still limited," Zhou Yumei said frankly. "For such an integrated circuit industry, which is urgently needed and has a shortage of talents, and has a core foundation in the future information technology field, it should be added to our higher education training system. The first-level discipline of integrated circuits solves the current dilemma. "