China RoHS 2.0: escort green consumption of electrical and electronic products
As people's dependence on electrical and electronic products continues to rise, many giant manufacturers have realized that the arbitrary addition and discharge of harmful substances in electrical and electronic products will cause serious harm to the environment and climate. Last year, Apple, which focuses on aluminum enclosure electronics, introduced laptops that use recycled aluminum. Recently, Apple has taken a more environmentally friendly initiative, buying the world's first carbon-free aluminum from the US-Canada joint venture Elysis.
As the world's largest producer, consumer, and exporter of electrical and electronic products, China strictly controls hazardous substances in electrical and electronic products, and has irreplaceable significance for the global supply and sustainable development of electrical and electronic products. With the formal implementation of the "Conformity Assessment System for the Restriction of the Use of Hazardous Substances in Electrical and Electronic Products", China's RoHS 2.0 has been fully implemented, especially in terms of source control of electrical and electronic production and management of product recycling.
EU RoHS implements high standards and strict requirements
In the European and American markets where electrical and electronic giants compete, the environmental protection of products is one of the important indicators of life-cycle maintenance such as production and recycling. It has been regarded as an industry standard by many manufacturers. In 2018, Apple, which focuses on electronic products with aluminum casings, launched notebook products using recycled aluminum materials. A few days ago, Apple purchased the world's first carbon-free aluminum from a US-Canada joint venture, Elysis, in an effort to achieve green raw materials from the source.
Lisa Jackson, Apple ’s vice president, said: "Aluminum is a carbon-intensive product. During the smelting process, a large amount of carbon dioxide is released into the atmosphere. This is a production method that is difficult to change for more than 130 years. In the future, this production method will be used by Apple The company put an end to it. "It is understood that Apple and Elysis have defined the nature of the transaction as" commercial grade ", which means that Elysis's carbon-free aluminum is not a trial supply, but is a true sense of environmentally friendly materials. replace.
Apple's move is not the first in the industry. The reporter learned that in 2000, the Netherlands found cadmium in a group of game console cables. Immediately, this heavy metal, which is often found in electrical and electronic equipment, is harmful to human health and caused great concern in the industry.
Huang Jianzhong, secretary general of the China Electronics Technology and Energy Conservation Association, told reporters that the European Union had enacted legislation on the management of pollution control of electronic information products as early as 2000. In July 2006, the European Union's mandatory standard RoHS was officially implemented, strictly regulating the materials and Process standards, focusing on ensuring that these products are free of harmful substances (such as lead, mercury, cadmium, etc.). This means that products that exceed the limits are not allowed to enter the EU market. Once products that do not meet the standards are detected, companies will face high fines.
The strict RoHS regulatory standards of the European Union urge major electrical and electronic giants to implement industry standards for green production and green consumption, and have also led the important trend in the development of RoHS standards worldwide. It is reported that the first EU RoHS ticket (600 million euros) was issued to Sony, and all the illegal goods were destroyed. Today, Sony's strict control over hazardous substances is a benchmark in the industry.
China has entered the era of RoHS 2.0
China is the world's largest producer, consumer and exporter of electrical and electronic products. According to statistics, in 2018 China produced 1.8 billion mobile phones and 300 million computers, accounting for more than 90% of the global total output. There are 560 million units, with about 1.75 billion units. In addition, China ’s “four-machine-one-brain” (TV sets, refrigerators, washing machines, air conditioners, and computers) scraps about 180 million units each year, and recycles 80.77 million units. If not properly disposed of, hazardous lead, mercury and chromium contained in waste electrical and electronic products will eventually enter the soil and water, endangering the environment and human health.
"Restriction on the use of hazardous substances in electrical and electronic products has been initiated in China." Huang Jianzhong introduced that as early as 2006, the former Ministry of Information Industry and other seven departments jointly issued the "Administrative Measures for the Control of Pollution Control of Electronic Information Products", which stipulated that from July 2007 Starting from the 1st, electronic information products entering the Chinese market must indicate the name, content and environmental protection use period of the hazardous substances in the product. In 2016, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology and the seven ministries and commissions issued the "Administrative Measures for the Restriction of the Use of Hazardous Substances in Electrical and Electronics" (RoHS 2.0). In the same year, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, the Ministry of Science and Technology, and the Ministry of Environmental Protection released the "Catalogue of Substitutes for Toxic and Hazardous Materials (Products) Encouraged by the State (2016 Edition)". In March 2018, the "Administrative Catalog of Restricted Use of Hazardous Substances in Electrical and Electronic Products" was officially released. In November this year, the "Conformity Assessment System for the Restricted Use of Hazardous Substances in Electrical and Electronic Products" was officially implemented.
In Huang Jianzhong's opinion, the policy arrangements for China's RoHS platform are basically in place. RoHS 2.0 adopted a progressively distributed implementation management method, incorporating more types of electrical appliances into the management scope, and also innovated detection methods for hazardous substances. Compared with the version ten years ago, it is more suitable for China's current national conditions and more It meets the actual needs. In addition, although China ’s RoHS standard originated from the European Union, the European Union ’s RoHS is mainly based on spot checks, and China is the first to implement two conformity assessment systems based on “voluntary certification” and “self-declaration”. Leading the European Union. "These measures have promoted the management of China's RoHS to be consistent with international standards, and made important contributions to the major innovations in the design of electrical and electronic products, the development of new materials, and the" green "transformation of the industry. Huang Jianzhong said.
China's related enterprises have set industry benchmarks
China's RoHS management has kept pace with the EU, and some of them are still ahead of the EU. In the implementation stage of the policy, the performance of China's related enterprises is not inferior to that of developed countries such as Europe, America, Japan and South Korea. Wang Ji, a senior engineer at CCID Research Institute of Energy Conservation and Environmental Protection, pointed out to the reporter of China Electronics News that for many years, China's electrical and electronic manufacturing enterprises have been developing and using low-toxic, low-hazard and non-toxic and harmless raw materials, and reducing the toxic and harmful effects of production. The production of substances and the control of pollutant emissions have become more and more standardized, fully fulfilling the green production and green recycling of the product's entire life cycle.
“The practice of“ have to add a certain harmful substance in order to ensure the performance of the product ”will hardly appear anymore. On the contrary, many consumer electronics and home electronics have been based on the realization of the“ green life cycle ”. To achieve harmless raw materials and reduce or replace the limit of harmful substances. "
Terminal manufacturers such as Huawei have set benchmarks in the industry for "green environmental protection, energy saving and high efficiency." The reporter learned that Huawei has always integrated the concept of green environmental protection into the product development process, thereby improving the environmental performance of the entire life cycle of the product. Since its release, Huawei Mate 10 has repeatedly won a number of European authoritative foreign media evaluation awards, reaching the industry's highest level of environmental performance requirements. To prevent the release of toxic substances during the recycling process and pollution caused by waste incineration, Huawei strictly prohibits the introduction of harmful substances from the source, and bans polyvinyl chloride (PVC), bromine / chlorinated flame retardants, beryllium, and Use of non-regulatory substances such as phthalates and antimony trioxide. In addition, Huawei is also committed to reducing the generation of electronic waste from mobile phone products, encouraging consumers to participate in "electronics for old" activities, collected mobile phones are used for dismantling and recycling, ensuring zero landfill, and reducing carbon dioxide emissions. .
Even the "lead-acid battery", which is considered to be the most harmful product to humans, has undergone an "environmental protection storm", and the industry as a whole has a completely different scene from the past. The battery manufacturers represented by Chaowei Group first proposed the "cadmium-free" lead-acid power battery production process. The "cadmium-free" internalization process has effectively improved the product compared with the past "lead-antimony-cadmium" externalization process. Consistency and battery quality, greatly reducing the discharge and treatment of acidic, leady and other sewage, achieving 25.8% power savings and 90% water savings. At the end of the battery life cycle, Supermicro has also set up a special recycling point to implement the recycling process of lead-acid batteries with a professional process, which reduces the exposure index of harmful raw materials to a minimum level.
Editor-in-chief: Qi Xu