Hot comment 丨 What signals have been released by new academicians?
Every two years, the selection of academicians of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Chinese Academy of Engineering (hereinafter referred to as the academicians of the two academies) will become the focus of the whole society and even cause many heated discussions, because it is the highest academic title of national science and technology and engineering technology. Choosing who to choose and which dimensions release many wind direction signals. On November 22, 2019, the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Chinese Academy of Engineering officially announced the results of the 2019 academician election. Among them, the Chinese Academy of Sciences elected a total of 64 academicians and 20 foreign academicians. The Chinese Academy of Engineering elected a total of 75 academicians and 29 foreign academicians. . Among the newly elected academicians of the Chinese Academy of Engineering this year, many academicians are from the "civilian". Wang Jian, chairman of Alibaba Technical Committee, and Wu Hanming, president of Xinchuangzhi (Beijing) Microelectronics Co., Ltd., were elected, which released many new trends.
The first is that the innovative power of "private" and "private enterprises" is being integrated into the national innovation system. At present, most of the more than 1,000 members of the Chinese Academy of Sciences come from research institutes, universities, and large state-owned enterprises. There is no doubt that these research institutes, universities and colleges, as well as these large state-owned enterprises that carry the country's major engineering, R & D and manufacturing equipment, have clearly seen that it represents the country's highest scientific level, engineering technology level, and this main theme has not changed. . At the same time, more and more “private” and “private enterprises” are being integrated into the country ’s innovation system. China ’s scientific and technological innovation system is making up structural shortcomings, and private enterprises have begun to become innovative new Engine, such consensus is being recognized.
Qiu Yong, academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and president of Tsinghua University, said at an inaugural World Display Industry Conference in Hefei on November 22, "Innovation is uncertain. How to innovate better under the premise of uncertainty is a topic that needs to be considered. "Because of the uncertainty of innovation, we are even less able to define the" sphere of influence "of innovation only in" academy ", as the saying goes" We do n’t know which land can produce better wheat. " "same. In fact, many great inventions and innovations come from the "inconspicuous" folk.
The "China Private Economy Report" recently released by the Evergrande Research Institute shows that private enterprises not only account for over 50% of the national GDP tax contribution, but also account for over 75% of invention patents by private enterprises. Private enterprises are already Chinese science and technology The main force of innovation. The fact that the Chinese Academy of Engineering academician's selection of Alibaba's Wang Jian and Xin Chuangzhi's Wu Hanmin was reflected in this selection.
Wang Jian is the founder of Alibaba Cloud. The key word on him is "cloud computing". Perhaps the general public doesn't have much concept of cloud computing, but the "Double 11" of Tmall Tmall that just passed is running on Alibaba Cloud. The biggest feature of the cloud is that it can make "peak computing" possible and make computing on demand. Provide inclusive public. Academician publicity materials show that Wang Jian is the author, designer, and builder of China ’s self-developed cloud computing operating system "Feitian", and promotes the transformation of China's IT industry from IOE to cloud computing. The Feitian cloud operating system breaks through world-class technical problems and achieves a breakthrough in China's cloud computing from 0 to 1.
The other Wu Hanming, who also came from the "folk" core creative wisdom, his key word is "lithography machine". Wu Hanming developed high-density plasma etching and developed the world's first commercial software that can perform plasma process simulation and is widely used. After entering SMIC Manufacturing (Beijing) Co., Ltd. in 2001, he established the Advanced Etching Technology Process Department, led the 0.13 micron etching process, and realized the dual damascene process for large-scale production in China. It provides the technological basis for the first time to realize copper interconnection in China.
In fact, today's private enterprises and startups are becoming China's main force of innovation and a gathering place for high-tech talent. Data show that since the establishment of Alibaba 20 years ago, Ali has cultivated a group of outstanding technical talents. Among the 38 partners, one third of them have technical background. Among more than 60,000 scientists and engineers, there are more than 10 IEEE FELLOW, more than 30 well-known university professors, 30 national / provincial thousand-person title experts, and it is one of the top science and technology companies in China with the largest number of scientific talents. And giant companies including Huawei, Tencent, Baidu, and startup companies such as Shangtang, Horizon, and Itu also gathered a large number of top IT technology talents.
The second is that information technology innovation shows a trend characteristic from laboratory to business-driven. In the past, innovations in IT technology mostly came from laboratories, and today's new-generation information technology innovations are increasingly coming from the "field of business" and the "field of realistic problems", because solving reality may create new Technology to create new industries.
Alibaba started doing cloud computing ten years ago because traditional IT was overwhelmed and it was difficult to carry the rapid expansion of its e-commerce business and payment business. For this reason, Wang Jian, then Alibaba CTO, found Jack Ma to persuade him to give up the original IT architecture, independent research and development of "Feitian" operating system, doing cloud computing, thus starting Ali's cloud journey. Today's Alibaba has not only achieved huge breakthroughs in cloud computing, databases, etc., but also made more layouts in chips and cutting-edge technologies. In the just-concluded "Tmall Double 11", some commented that it is not only a business miracle, but also a technology miracle, because it has set a record for many technologies at the same time.
On the day Wang Jian was elected as an academician, Aliyun sent a WeChat with the words “Congratulations to my colleague Wang Jian for being elected as an academician”. There were a lot of messages under this WeChat, among which there was a lot of praise from competing cloud companies. The compliments of the competitors are actually a recognition of everyone on a track in a trench. Everyone is at the same "difficult scene", but the methods of solving the problems are different. Wang Jian's election is both Recognition is also recognition of innovation in China's cloud computing industry.
Former IBM China Research Dean Li Shigong and former Intel China Research Dean Fang Xixi told reporters of China Electronics News: The real problems we face today are far from what the "lab" can imagine and the scale of the real problems Large, complex, and complex data, if it is not in the real scene, experimental simulation is difficult to solve the problem.
Innovation is at the business site and at the production site. Academician Ouyang Zhongcan, an academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, talked about BOE in an interview with the China Electronics News. He said that the reason why BOE can successfully develop rapidly and break through many technical bottlenecks is because of BOE Pay great attention to the production site. Every college student or graduate student who has just graduated is not placed in the laboratory, but is on the production line. BOE's scientific research purpose is to solve production problems.
Of course, we attach importance to the business site and the real problem site, which does not mean that we only focus on applied innovation, ignore "laboratory innovation", and ignore basic research. Hong Xiaowen, senior vice president of Microsoft Global and dean of Microsoft Research Asia, told a reporter from China Electronics News that basic research and applied research do not have clear boundaries. Basic research and applied research are sometimes mixed together. Just as Lu Qi, former Baidu president and chief operating officer and Microsoft's executive vice president, said: Technology and science complement each other. Without science, there will be no technology, and technology will accelerate the development of science.
The third is that innovative breakthroughs even need cross-border combinations of "sky and horses". According to Lu Qi, "All human technology is a combination of previous technologies or self-similar combinations. Technology is always evolving, which is similar to evolution." If the nature of technological innovation we agree on is technology combination and evolution, then we It's easy to understand why we need cross-border thinking and "combination" thinking with a larger dimension, because the essence of innovation is "combination".
Qiu Yong said that there are two major themes in the 21st century, one is globalization and the other is innovation, and he believes that only successful inventions can be called innovation. "The reorganization of factors of production creates additional value."
Many people say that Wang Jian's thinking is "skyless." In fact, it is precisely because of this freedom of thought and "sky and horses" that he saw a larger logic and a more essential core, and developed the "Feitian" operating system by himself, bringing real "0 to 1 "breakthrough. Wang Jian ’s new academician series at the Chinese Academy of Engineering is “Faculty of Engineering Management”. Engineering management is an interdisciplinary and complex discipline. In fact, “Engineering Management” reflects Wang Jian ’s innovative characteristics and value. One of the major characteristics of information technology innovation is that some people call Wang Jian the most powerful programmer who "can't write code". In fact, the chief designer who calls it "flying sky" is more appropriate.
In fact, we have entered an era of "combination innovation". The essence of cloud computing is actually the reconstruction of IT technology on demand. Blockchain is also a new systematic reconstruction of cryptographic technology. In the future, more disruptive innovations will come from system innovation, because the system is the ultimate solution to the problem, and the system needs more designers with "sky and air" and "cross-border thinking". Let us Time, let's go together!